Academy aperture

сущ.; кино
стандартное кадровое окно (рекомендованное Американской академией киноискусства)

In the early 1950's, television's demand for feature films increased. The typical television display provides a fixed aspect ratio of 1.33:1 (4 x 3) and many of the films shown on television, to fill the picture height, lost a substantial part of the image when this was "matted off" at the edges. To rectify this incompatibility, the "Academy aperture" was introduced. The Academy aperture produced an image of greater height so that it would fill a television screen without compromising the width. The usual procedure when filming productions for both theatrical release and conventional television transmission is called "shoot and protect". — В начале 50-х увеличился спрос на художественные телефильмы. На обычном телеэкране соотношение ширины и высоты стандартно: 1.33:1 (4 х 3), и когда фильмы транслировались по телевидению, существенная часть изображения искажалась, оно как бы размывалось по бокам, для того чтобы полностью занять экран по высоте. Для устранения этого недостатка и было введено "стандартное кадровое окно". В стандартном кадровом окне изображение имеет бо́льшую высоту, так что оно заполняет телеэкран без какой-либо компенсации за счёт горизонтальной составляющей. Стандартная технология съёмки, обеспечивающая возможность показа фильма как в кинотеатрах, так и по телевидению, называется "кадрирование видеосъёмки" (буквально "снимай и гарантируй" [качественное изображение в любом формате]).


Англо-русский современный словарь. 2014.

Смотреть что такое "Academy aperture" в других словарях:

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